Friday, March 3, 2017

Ripples: Chapter Three - Boyer Family

Boyer Family

Charles Boyer (1631-1698) (9th great-grandfather)
son of Pierre Boyer (1610-1660) and Denise Refence (1610-1666)
Birth 1631 • Vançais, Deux-Sevres, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death 16 FEB 1698 • La Prairie, Quebec, Canada
Married 1666 to Marguerite Ténard (1645-1678)
• 1660s, ten members of the Boyer family, including his son Antoine Boyer (husband of Marie Perras) are listed on 31 voyageur trips. These lists do not include the trips these same men made on their own as coureurs des bois.

Joseph Boyer (1669-_) (9th great-uncle)
son of Charles Boyer 1631-1698 and Marguerite Ténard 1645-1678
Birth 7 JAN 1669 • Montréal, , Quebec, Canada
Death Unknown
no known marriage
• 1688, 3 July, René Legardeur, sieur de Beauvais, hired Joseph Boyer for a voyage to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians). Notary Antoine Adhémar. 

Antoine Jacques Boyer (1671-1747) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Charles Boyer (1631-1698) and Marguerite Ténard (1645-1678)
Birth 10 APR 1671 • La Prairie, Quebec, Canada
Death 27 MAR 1747 • La Prairie, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1690 to Marie Perras (1673-1736)
• 1690, Coureur de bois who bought land with 600 livres from the sale of beaver pelts.  
• 1694, Charles Legardeur, sieur de L’Isle, hired Antoine to make a voyage to the 8ta8ois (Ottawa Indians).

Charles Boyer2 (1713-1801) (8th great-uncle)
son of Antoine Jacques Boyer (1671-1747) and Marie Perras (1673-1736)
Birth 21 JAN 1713 • Canada
Death 14 JAN 1801 • La Prairie, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1742 to Jeanne Supernant (Suprenant) (1718-1717)
• Charles, and his son Charles are listed on 31 voyageur trips.

Charles Boyer3 (1744-_) (1st cousin 8x removed)
son of Charles Boyer (1713-1801) and Jeanne Supernant (Suprenant) (1718-1717)
Birth 20 SEP 1744 • La Prairie, Quebec, Canada
Death date and place unknown
no known marriage
• He was part of an extended family who had been Voyageurs or Coureurs des bois for generations. He was a trader with the North West Company (La Compagnie du Nord-Ouest) from its beginnings in 1779 maybe through its merger with the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821.
• 1788, Charles Boyer built NWC Fort Vermilion near the junction of the Boyer and Peace rivers.

Cousin Charles Boyer Was a Nor'Wester

1820 North West Company token

Charles was a trader with the North West Company (La Compagnie du Nord-Ouest) from its beginnings in 1779 maybe through its merger with the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1821. 

When and where he died is unknown.

Nor'Wester is a shortened version of North-Wester -- a North West Company agent, Wintering Partner or servant; a trader or engagé who winters in the hinterland; or a veteran of these experiences.

Traders Forrest Oakes, Peter Pangman, Joseph Fulton, and Charles Boyer, were active at Michilimackinac as early as1761, and at Sault Ste. Marie, and Grand Portage (near the head of Lake Superior) between 1771 and 1781.

Thomas Correy, Forrest Oakes and Charles Boyer were independent traders from Montreal who established the first Pine Fort, a trading post on the Assiniboine River (also known as Fort des Épinettes), in 1768.

HBC post at Sault Ste. Marie built near the French Fort Repentigny site.

It met resistance from the local Assiniboines who wanted to preserve their middleman status in the trade to the west and south. 

Following a devastating smallpox epidemic which struck down many of the native people and some of the traders it was abandoned in 1781.

One old source says it was called Assiniboine House. Charles Boyer seems to have been one of Alexander Henry's clerks who, in 1780, was with a trader named Bruce on the Assiniboine River. 

They were attacked, in the spring of 1781, by a numerous band of Indians, but saved the fort after an heroic defense.

Cousin Charles Boyer Established Fort Vermilion, 1788

First Established in 1788 by Charles Boyer of the North West Company as a fur trading post and fort on the north bank of the Peace River near the mouth of the Boyer River. Alexander Mackenzie arrived here on 19 Oct 1792 on his trip up the Peace River. 

Other fur traders quickly followed, not wanting to be left out of the area's rich fur harvest. 

Trapping remained the principal trade of the area's Aboriginal, Metis, and Euro-Canadian inhabitants until the early 1900s. 

Boyer's Fort was also known as Old Establishment, and was located on the north side of the Peace River.

Thank you to the Canadian Park Service


 The North West Company (La Compagnie du Nord-Ouest) -- a fur trading business headquartered in Montreal  from 1779 to 1821. 

It competed with increasing success against the Hudson’s Bay Company  in what is present-day Western Canada . With great wealth at stake, tensions between the companies increased to the point where several minor armed skirmishes broke out, and the two companies were forced to merge.  

There are historical references to a North West Company, as early as 1770, involving the Montreal-based traders Benjamin Frobisher , Isaac Todd , Alexander Henry the elder and others, but the standard histories trace the Company to a 16-share organization formed in 1779.

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