Friday, March 3, 2017

Ripples: Chapter Three - Duquet Family

Duquet Family

Tadoussac, at the confluence of the Saguenay and Saint Lawrence rivers

Denis Duquet (1605-1675) (8th great-grandfather)
son of Joseph Duquet and Jeanne Barbie
Birth ABT 1605 • La Rochelle, Aunis, France
Death 26 NOV 1675 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1638 to Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
• 1659, member of the "Traite de Tadoussac," the first fur-trading post in European North America (established in 1600, eight years before the founding of Québec City).

Denis Duquet was a member of the Traite de Tadoussac.
Denis Duquet immigrated from France to Canada around the year 1633.  

He married Catherine Gauthier (Gautier) 13 May 1638 in Notre Dame, Quebec (Nobelman Pierre Legardeur and M. Noel Jucherau were witnesses). Catherine was just 13 at the time of her marriage, but they had been married for 37 years, at the time of his death in 1675. Catherine Gautier was born Abt. 1627 in Paris, France; she died 03 August 1702 in Canada. She was the daughter of Phillipe Gautier (Gauthier) and Marie Pichon (Plichon).

1659: As a young man Denis Duquet became a wealthy fur trader. He became a member of the "Traite de Tadoussac" (1) the first fur-trading post in European North America (established in 1600, eight years before the founding of Québec City).  The Traite de Tadoussac was the embarkation warehouse and trading post from which the furs were sent to France. 

Traite de Tadoussac fur-trading post

Denis was noted in the records to be the brother in law or beau-frere, of two presidents of the Societe des Habitants.

1660: Denis was named an Honorable Gentleman.

1667 census for Cote de Lauzon: Denis 55, Catherine 42, Pierre la Chesnais, notary, 25, Francoise 23, Agnes 19, Jean Desrochers 16, Rosalie 14, Louis 10, Philippe 8, Antoine 6, Catherine 5, Joseph 3. Domestic Servants: Simon Duval (no age given) and Claude 17. Property: 8 beasts and 30 arpents cultivated land.

27 November 1675: From the Parish of Notre-Dame Quebec: 27 November 1675, Denis Duquet, a resident of the coast of Lauzon, died at the age of seventy years. He was living in the hospital of Quebec, and died after having received the Holy Sacraments of Last Communion and Extreme Unction.

Denis Duquet and Catherine Gauthier had 11 children: i. Pierre Duquet 1643-1687, ii. Francoise Duquet  1645-1719, iii. Agnes Duquet 1648-1702, iv. +Jean Duquet dit Derochers 1651-1710/18, married Catherine-Ursule Amiot, v. Rosalie Duquet 1654-1715, vi. Louis Duquet 1657-1691, vii. Philippe Duquet 1659-1683, viii. Antoine Duquet 1660-1733, ix. Catherine Duquet 1662-1681, x. Joseph Duquet 1664-1731, xi. Marie Therese Duquet 1667-1699

(1) Tadoussac was founded in 1600 by François Gravé Du Pont, a merchant, and Pierre de Chauvin de Tonnetuit, a captain of the French Royal Navy, when they acquired a fur trade monopoly from King Henry IV. Gravé and Chauvin built the settlement on the shore at the mouth of the Saguenay River, at its confluence with the St. Lawrence, to profit from its location. 

But the frontier was harsh and only five of the 16 men with them survived the first winter. In 1603, the tabagie or "feast" of Tadoussac reunited Gravé with Samuel de Champlain and with the Montagnais, the Algonquins, and the Etchimins."

Tadoussac (French pronunciation - tadusak) is a village in Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Saguenay and Saint Lawrence rivers. Established at an Innu settlement, it was France's first trading post on the mainland of New France. 

By the 17th century it became an important trading post and was the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in Canada, and the oldest surviving French settlement in the Americas.

The indigenous Innu called the place Totouskak (plural for totouswk or totochak) meaning "bosom", probably in reference to the two round and sandy hills located on the west side of the village. According to other interpretations, it could also mean "place of lobsters", or "place where the ice is broken" (from the Innu shashuko).

Although located in Innu territory, the post was also frequented by the Mi'kmaq people in the second half of the 16th century, who called it Gtatosag ("among the rocks"). Alternate spellings of Tadoussac over the centuries included Tadousac (17th and 18th centuries), Tadoussak, and Thadoyzeau (1550)

Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) (7th great-grandfather)
son of Denis Duquet (1605-1675) and Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
Birth 1651 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
Death 20 AUG 1710 • Lauzon, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1683 to Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
• 1680s "bourgeois" - headman of a fur brigade.

Fur Brigade leaving Montreal c. 1821

Pierre Duquet de La Chesnaye (8th great-uncle) -- First Canadian-born Notary

Pierre Duquet de La Chesnaye (1643-1687) (8th great-uncle)
son of Denis Duquet (1605-1675) and Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
Birth BEFORE 14 JAN 1643 • Quebec, Canada
Death 13 OCT. 1687 • Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1666 to Anne Lamarre (1649-1698)
• Explorer, first Canadian-born royal notary, attorney-general, and seigneurial judge.
• 1663, Accompanied Guillaume Couture on expedition to the Northern Sea - reached the Rupert River.

Pierre Duquet was one of the first pupils of the Jesuit college of Quebec. The Journal des Jésuites stresses on different occasions the role that he played in the musical portion of the religious ceremonies.

Shortly after leaving the college, Duquet, at the age of 20, bought the registry of the notary Guillaume Audouart, whom he succeeded as royal notary. His commission, dated 31 Oct. 1663, made him the first Canadian-born notary.

At this time Duquet had only just returned from an expedition, directed by Guillaume Couture:

In 1663, Guillaume Couture accepted Governor Dubois Davaugour’s invitation to assume command of an expedition to accompany “the Indians" northwards as far and as long as he shall deem it expedient for the service of the king and the good of the country: and he may go himself or send others to winter with them, if he thinks that his own safety may thereby be ensured and that some public advantage may ensue.” 

The expedition was an important one: to find an inland route to the northern sea. 

Two Frenchmen, Pierre Duquet, later a notary, and Jean Langlois, a shipwright, accompanied Couture; the others were Indians. In all there were 44 canoes. 

In an affidavit which he swore in 1688, Couture went over the itinerary they had followed: the group left Quebec in mid-May, started up the Saguenay River, and reached Lake Mistassini on 26 June. A sudden storm left a foot of snow. 

The group pushed on, and reached a river [Rupert] “that empties into the Northern Sea.” The French were unable to continue on their route, for the Indian guides refused to go any farther. Couture thus affirmed in 1688 that in 1663 he was unable to make his way to the northern sea.

Excerpt above from: Dictionary of Canadian Biography

Like most of the notaries of his period, Duquet had a well-filled career:

He was often given power of attorney by litigants, and in addition he was commissioned to carry out several inquiries into irregularities in the liquor traffic. 

In the autumn of 1666 he went with the Carignan-Salières regiment into Iroquois territory and signed on 17 October the Procès verbal de la prise de possession des forts d’Agnié (minutes taken at the Iroquois fort Agnié).

He was Deputy attorney-general (1675-1681), attorney-general (1681-1686), seigneurial judge of Notre-Dame-des-Anges, of the Île d’Orléans and of Orsainville, he was moreover the owner of several properties at Quebec and Lévis and of two seigneuries granted to him in 1672 and 1675. 

His multifarious occupations prevented him, however, from giving the desired attention to his notarial acts, in which are to be found many errors and omissions. His registry, which is nevertheless very interesting, is preserved in the Judicial Archives of Quebec.

Two of Pierre Duquet de La Chesnaye's brothers were Voyageurs or Coureurs De Bois

Antoine Duquet dit Madry (1660-1733) (8th great-uncle)
son of Denis Duquet (1605-1675) and Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
BIRTH 18 NOV 1660 • Québec, Quebec, Canada
DEATH 20 MAY 1733 • Lachenaie, Québec, Canada
Marriage (1) 1690 to Madeleine Ducharme (2) 1694 to Marie Tetard (1667–1754)
• 1691, voyageur engagement of Antoine Duquet dit Madry to François de Laforest, to go to Michililmackinac.
Louis Duquet sieur Duverdier (1657-1691) (8th great-uncle)
son of Denis Duquet (1605-1675) and Catherine Gautier (1625-1702)
Birth 19 FEB 1657 • Quebec, Canada
Death 1691 • Quebec City, Quebec, New France
• 1689, voyageur engagement of Louis Duquet Sr Duverdier et Louis Provencher au Sr Nicolas Perrot, Michililmackinac.

As were future generations… sons of Jean Duquet dit Desrochers

Charles Duquet (1691-_) (7th great-uncle)
son of Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) and Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
BIRTH 27 FEB 1692 • Lauzon, Quebec, Canada
DEATH 11 AUG 1747 • Terrebonne, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1719 to Catherine Mallet (1700–1768)
• 1736, June 1, Engagement of Charles Duquet to Pierre Charrier to go to  Michilimackinac. Notary Lepallieur.
• 1739, June 19, Engagement of Charles Duquet and Pierre Gamelin Maugras to make the trip to Michilimackinac. Notary Blanzy.

Etienne Duquet dit Desrochers (1694-1762) (6th great-grandfather) 
son of Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) and Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
Birth 15 MAR 1694 • Lauzon, Quebec, Canada
Death 1762 • La Prairie (Notre-Dame-de-La Prairie-de-la-Madeleine), Québec
Marriage 1722 to Marie-Françoise Deneau dit Destaillis (1698-1737)
• 1751, Jun 4, Igance Bourassa hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie to go to Michilimackinac, notary Adhemar.
• 1752, Jun 9, Francois Daguilhe hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie to go to Michilimackinac, notary Danré Blanzy.
• 1753, Apr 13, Toussaints Pothier hired Étienne Duquet voyageur de La Prairie, gouvernail, to go to Michilimackinac, notary Danré Blanzy.

Joseph Duquet (1705-_) (7th great-uncle)
son of Jean Duquet dit Desrochers (1651-1710) and Catherine-Ursule Amiot (1664-1715)
BIRTH 20 FEB 1705 • Quebec, Canada
DEATH 6 Oct 1767 • Châteauguay, Quebec, Canada
Marriage 1733 to Marie Angélique Moulinneuf (1717-1740)
• 1727, May 7, Engagement of Joseph Duquet and Charles Teyssier to make the journey to the Pays d'en Haut (Upper Country). Notary Adhémar.
• 1733 May 30, Engagement of Joseph Duquet To François Augé and Compagnie to make the trip To Michilimackinac. Notary Adhémar.
• 1734, June 11, Engagement of Joseph Duquet to Louis Damour, 8th of Clignancour, to make the journey to the post of Michilimakinac. Notary Porlier.
• 1736, 15th June, Engagement of Joseph Duquet dit Deroches, to the Duke of Moncour, Caron, and Lefevre, to go to Michilimackinac. Notary Lepallier.

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